Email in Emacs
So as part of my plans for the new year is consolidating my tools. The first thing that I’ve done is start to use Emacs and Mu4e to handle all my email.
Here’s what the config looks like for a single account:
[general] accounts = Gmail, Bardel, SeanHagen maxsyncaccounts = 1 pythonfile = ~/.offlineimap.py fsync = False [Account Gmail] localrepository = LocalGmail remoterepository = RemoteGmail status_backend = sqlite [Repository LocalGmail] type = Maildir localfolders = ~/Mail/Gmail [Repository RemoteGmail] type = Gmail remoteusereval = get_username("mail.google.com") remotepasseval = get_password("mail.google.com") realdelete = no maxconnections = 3 sslcacertfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt folderfilter = lambda folder: folder in ['[Gmail]/All Mail', '[Gmail]/Sent Mail', '[Gmail]/Drafts', '[Gmail]/Trash', '[Gmail]/Starred'] nametrans = lambda foldername: foldername.replace("[Gmail]/","")
There’s just a few things here to point out. The pythonfile setting lets you provide a Python file to define methods to use in the configuration. This Python file in particular is one I found online somewhere, and I’ve put up in a Gist so you can use it too. Anyways, this one grabs the username and password from my Gnome Keyring – which is nice, because then it doesn’t live in plain-text in a config somewhere.
To store the password, I use a separate script that I also found online ( and also put in a Gist ) to store usernames and passwords in the keyring.
To send email, I’ve got a Postfix configuration that lets me specify “localhost” as the SMTP server, and then Postfix handles actually sending them. I like this setup for a few reasons. The first is that Emacs doesn’t hang while trying to connect and send the email. The second is that if I’m on my laptop and not connected to the internet Postfix will handle queuing up the email to send later when it’s connected to the internet again.
Lastly, there’s my Mu4e configuration. Below is the compressed version ( and the Gist is up here ):
;; mu4e stuff (require 'mu4e) ;; tell message-mode how to send mail (setq message-send-mail-function 'smtpmail-send-it) ;; if our mail server lives at smtp.example.org; if you have a local ;; mail-server, simply use 'localhost' here. (setq smtpmail-smtp-server "localhost") (setq mu4e-view-prefer-html t) (setq mu4e-view-show-images t) (setq mu4e-view-show-addresses t) (setq mu4e-headers-skip-duplicates t) (setq mu4e-use-fancy-chars nil) (add-to-list 'mu4e-view-actions '("in browser" . mu4e-action-view-in-browser) t) (add-hook 'mu4e-compose-mode-hook 'flyspell-mode) ;; gpg (add-hook 'mu4e-compose-mode-hook 'epa-mail-mode) (add-hook 'mu4e-view-mode-hook 'epa-mail-mode) ;; set this to nil so signature is not included by default ;; you can include in message with C-c C-w (setq mu4e-compose-signature-auto-include ‘t) (setq mu4e-compose-signature (with-temp-buffer (insert-file-contents "~/.signature.personal") (buffer-string))) ;; message-signature-file NOT used by mu4e (setq message-signature-file "~/.signature.personal") ;; use imagemagick, if available (when (fboundp 'imagemagick-register-types) (imagemagick-register-types)) (defun my-render-html-message () (let ((dom (libxml-parse-html-region (point-min) (point-max)))) (erase-buffer) (shr-insert-document dom) (goto-char (point-min)))) (setq mu4e-html2text-command 'my-render-html-message) (defvar mu4e-bookmarks '(("date:1d..now flag:unread AND NOT flag:trashed" "Unread from last 24h messages" ?r) ("flag:unread AND NOT flag:trashed" "Unread messages" ?u) ("date:today..now" "Today's messages" ?t) ("date:7d..now" "Last 7 days" ?w) ("mime:image/*" "Messages with images" ?p)) "A list of pre-defined queries; these show up in the main screen. Each of the list elements is a three-element list of the form (QUERY DESCRIPTION KEY), where QUERY is a string with a mu query, DESCRIPTION is a short description of the query (this shows up in the UI), and KEY is a shortcut key for the query.")
There’s still a few things I’ve got to figure out.
I’d like to figure out a better way to view HTML email. Right now, I’m using the built-in Emacs HTML renderer ( part of eww ). If the email doesn’t come out well, the following bit of code adds another action:
(add-to-list 'mu4e-view-actions '("in browser" . mu4e-action-view-in-browser) t)
What that does is let me open the HTML version of the email in a browser by pressing ‘a’, then ‘i’ when viewing an email.
I’ve also got to figure out an easy way to search through Mu’s email addresses so I can have some sort of address book, although the auto-complete seems to work pretty well so far.
There will probably be a few other things that come up over the next few months, but I’ll handle them when they come up.